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Urban Design Program

  

The Urban Design Studio is a long-term program with a focus on delivering urban design services to customers in the Planning and Development Services Department, to other City departments, and through external public and private partnerships. The initial phase of this project is focused on the development of a Design Review Program. This effort includes development of design guidelines, new and revised design standards, municipal code amendments and administrative procedures to be considered through a public hearing and potential City Council Action. 

 

Design Review Project

 

Current Status

Through the spring of 2022, the Project Advisory Group (PAG) work is focused on developing the geographic scope, the size and types of projects subject to Design Review, and overall program structure in consultation with the Planning Commission. The full program proposal will include these topics as well as more specific aspects related to procedures, program administration, and the establishment of a Design Review Board.

 

Overview

As the City’s Urban Design Studio, we are working toward a 2023 launch of the Design Review Program’s initial phase. Similar to many other communities’ programs, Design Review in Tacoma will set standards and a process to guide the design quality of the city’s landscape and buildings. The goal is to support a built city that is welcoming to all community members and visitors, enhancing our lived experience throughout Tacoma. 

 

We understand the importance of design in community building. Throughout the One Tacoma Plan and Tacoma 2025, policy guidance highlights design review as an opportunity to create unique places, promote innovation and quality, and imbue public space with features and amenities that promote the health and wellbeing of residents and visitors.

 

Project Advisory Group

The Design Review Project Advisory Group was chartered by the Planning Commission in 2019 and reconvened in early 2022 with new Urban Design Studio staff.  The PAG is currently refining the preliminary draft Design Review Program proposal. Expanded participation now includes additional design professionals, community nonprofits, affordable housing and for-profit developers.

 

Let’s Connect!

Urban Design Studio staff welcome invitations from community groups who are interested in hosting a virtual conversation on the proposed Design Review Program. We would appreciate the opportunity to provide a project update and hear ideas about how to make this program successful.

 

Sign up to receive project updates or email comments and questions to: designreview@cityoftacoma.org

 

Upcoming Meetings

Planning Commission

Find the link to agendas on the Planning Commission web page.

May 18, 2022, 5 PM

 

City Council

Infrastructure, Planning & Sustainability (IPS) Committee

Find the link to agendas on the IPS web page.  

May 11, 2022, 4:30 PM

 

Project Advisory Group 

May 19, 2022, 4 PM

Conducted via Zoom

 

 

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Is the Design Review project part of Home In Tacoma?

While both the Design Review program and Home In Tacoma projects relate to the design of buildings and our urban environment, the Design Review program project is focused on larger projects located in areas planned to experience the greatest amount of future development and growth such as the Downtown and Mixed Use Centers whereas Home In Tacoma will address smaller scale residential design throughout the City.

 

The Design Review program has an expected program launch of early 2023 and the Home In Tacoma project is expected to run through at least mid-2023.

 

Again, the Design Review project DOES NOT address small scale residential design or most of the Missing Middle type of housing. The Home In Tacoma Project is considering these types of new residential standards as part of that project’s phase 2. More information about that project, including ways to participate, can be found here.

Why is Urban Design Important?

Urban Design influences how people experience cities and how people function in them.  Streets, plazas, parks and the buildings that frame them make up our environment. Urban design focusses how all these parts of the city work together to improve how and where we live, get around, work and recreate. Good urban design also connects us to the natural systems we all depend on.

Who makes Urban Design happen?

High quality urban design is the result of many decisions, forces and factors. Design Review is one way the City can ensure the cumulative effect of individual developments contribute to good urban design. With a Design Review process, the City can consider how development supports our Comprehensive Plan goals, community identity and creates distinctive sense of place and belonging that is responsive to local culture, values, and context.

What is Design Review?

Design Review is a process that works to improve the function, fit, and integration of new developments with the existing urban context and natural features surrounding them. The City uses this process to approve projects of certain types in designated areas. Using this process, proposed projects are evaluated for consistency with the City’s design objectives. Those design objectives can be met by building in accordance with either prescriptive standards or more flexible guidelines.

What does the City regulate around design?

The City’s Land Use Regulatory Code currently has regulations related to design. Generally, these Design Standards affect how sites are developed and how buildings look. Design Standards regulate aspects such as where parking can be located or how a proposed building orients toward the street.

 

While Design Standards can do a good job of prescribing measurable minimums and preventing poor design outcomes, they are inherently limited by their one-size-fits-all approach and cannot easily account for context or unique site complexities. Design Review on the other hand establishes a set of design guidelines and objectives, which can accommodate a variety of alternative approaches to meet these objectives.

 

There are many other City regulations that also affect design, even if they are not specifically listed as design requirements. For example, the City’s current rules about requiring a certain number of parking spaces with a new building create many other design results. This may include whether trees are retained on a site, how difficult it is to walk to from a bus stop to the front door, and even how much the pavement heats up the neighborhood in the summertime.

Does Design Review regulate building height and zoning?

No, other standards regulate things like a building’s use or height or the required amount of parking. The City’s Land Use Regulatory Code has many complex regulations about design. These are separate from building codes that are focused on safety, fire protection, and so forth. Design standards in the City’s Land Use Regulatory Code include details like maximum building heights, required placement of buildings on parcels, required yard space, bicycle parking, and how much of the front of a building with shopfronts along a street must have windows--the list is very long.

What is the plan for Tacoma's Design Review Program?

 

We have established a timeline now through the end of 2022 to finalize and review the program features and tools. This includes work to organize a Design Review Board, and to complete the Design Guidelines and Design Standards (both new and revised). 

We will be meeting with our Technical Advisory Committee and Project Advisory Group and work with the Planning Commission to draft proposed recommendations for Tacoma City Council Consideration.

Public engagement will include presentations to community groups and public comment to the Planning Commission and City Council as they review the proposal package.

What is the Design Review Project Advisory Group?

In response to Planning Commission direction, the City nominated a slate of community members with relevant professional expertise and diverse perspectives as the Project Advisory Group (PAG) in 2019 to work through the development of much of the detailed guidance material and procedures proposed for the Design Review Program. Reconvened in February 2022, after a one-year hiatus, additional PAG members now represent affordable housing and multi-unit development interests as stakeholders. The PAG is scheduled to continue working with staff and consultants through the Spring Quarter of 2022, at which time a proposal will be forwarded to the Planning Commission for consideration and public review.

 

Additional Project Information 

 

Past Meetings

Planning Commission 

April 6, 2022, online via Zoom 

March 2, 2022, online via Zoom 

March 4, 2020, Tacoma Municipal Building, Council Chambers (first floor) 

 

September 18, 2019  

 

City Council

May 8, 2019 

 

Project Advisory Group 

Online via Zoom Video Conference  

 

May 5, 2022 

April 21, 2022 (cancelled)

April 7, 2022 

March 17, 2022

March 3, 2022

February 17, 2022

 

March 31, 2020 and Thursday, April 2, 2020

Due to the restrictions on holding in-person meetings during this time, the PAG was able to conduct these workshops online. The discussion was focused on secondary architectural features and how they can be regulated through Design Review. Because the PAG functions strictly as an advisory entity with all decisions about the program being made at the Planning Commission and City Council Levels, the working documents linked above provide a progress update for the program as it continues to be developed but do not represent any binding decisions.   

 

February 18, 2020 at the Tacoma Municipal Building, Room 335.

 

September 17, 2019 

August 6, 2019 

Other Groups & Organizations

South End Neighborhood Council

September 16, 2019

 

North End Neighborhood Council

March 7, 2022 

 

September 9, 2019 

 

Northeast Neighborhood Council

August 8, 2019 

 

Background & Project Timeline

Background

Design review with a set of design standards or guidelines has proven to be an effective community development tool.  The City of Tacoma understands the role of design review in community building: throughout the One Tacoma Plan and Tacoma 2025, policy guidance highlights design review as opportunity to create unique places, promote innovation and quality, and imbue public space with features and amenities that promote the health and vitality of residents and visitors.

 

In 2016, the City contracted with Makers Architecture and Urban Design to examine a number of “design review” options that Tacoma could undertake. The analysis is based on Tacoma’s current regulatory framework, recent development trends, comments from stakeholders (including staff, public officials, architects and others from the development industry, and other community members), and a review of other communities’ design review programs.

 

This Design Review Analysis Manual is organized into six sections to consider and discuss fundamental questions that must be considered in establishing a design review process:

  1. Design guidelines content, organization and format;
  2. Applicability: What projects must undergo design review;
  3. Project review responsibilities: Who conducts the design review for different types of projects;
  4. Public involvement: Opportunities for citizen review and input;
  5. Design Review Board (DRB) review process and procedures (if a DRB is established);
  6. Design review program administration costs. 

Review the full Design Review Analysis Manual for the report and background information.

 

2022

For the winter and spring quarters of 2022, the Urban Design Studio staff are re-establishing working relationships on Design Review with a Project Advisory Group, Planning Commission and City Council. Work will continue with input from diverse city staff perspectives to refine and complete the draft design guidance documents, including an emphasis on addressing the City’s adopted Climate Adaptation Strategy.

 

2021

Staff worked briefly with Consultant and Project Advisory Group to further develop draft design guidance documents in the first part of the year. Planning Commission and Infrastructure Planning and Sustainability Committee of the City Council reviewed progress on incomplete, draft guidance documents.  Project went on hold with loss of initial staff. In late 2021, new lead staff came on board. 

 

2020

Project team worked with advisory groups (Project Advisory Group, TAC, Planning Commission), resulting in an Interim Summary Report (available for review below in the documents section). It provides the findings from Phase I of the program development and the background information that informed the remaining development through to implementation. 

 

2019 

Consultants were brought on to develop a work plan and initiate the program development. Staff worked with stakeholder committees and conducted public outreach in the summer and fall. 

 

2018 

Staff was hired to bring additional expertise to the project.

 

2017

Project budget was approved by the City Council.

 

2016

The Design Review Analysis Manual was completed to identify the key components and options for a design review program.

 

 

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Staff Contacts

Stephen Antupit

(253) 381-5195

Email

 

Carl Metz

(253) 290-3946

Email